Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV)
This summary was prepared by the World Naturopathic Foundation.
The family of coronaviruses were first discovered in the 1960s. What these viruses have in common and what they are named for are the crown-like spikes on their surface. There are seven coronaviruses that can affect humans.(1) The SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) virus (SARS-CoV) was discovered in 2003. It was responsible for over 8,000 known infections and 774 deaths. It is currently believed that the Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has a genetic make-up that is about 70% similar to the SARS-CoV.(1) As of January 28th, 2020 sixteen countries have confirmed cases of the Chinese Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) and there are over 6,000 confirmed cases and 200 deaths, most of them in China. Here is a link to the countries that have confirmed cases.(2)
There are four types of common coronaviruses (229E, NL63, OC43 and HKU1) that are associated with the common cold that affects most individuals at some time in their life. The typical coronavirus infection is short-lived with symptoms such as a runny nose, headache, cough, sore throat, fever and a general feeling of being unwell. In compromised individuals, the elderly, the young and those with a compromised immune system or other severe health issues, the common coronaviruses can cause bronchitis or pneumonia.(1)
The Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is a new strain. It begins as a common cold with fever, lethargy, cough and difficulty breathing. Additional symptoms may include sore throat, nasal congestion and swollen adenoids. In some people, especially those that are compromised, it can rapidly cause respiratory symptoms including viral pneumonia. The rapid progression is what makes individuals very ill and can cause death.
Human coronaviruses are most commonly spread from direct contact between an infected person to others through:(1)
Travellers returning from China or other areas affected by a potentially deadly coronavirus should monitor themselves for symptoms of respiratory ailments for 14 days. Anyone who develops a fever, cough or breathing difficulties within two weeks of travelling to Wuhan or its neighbouring provinces should isolate themselves and seek a medical assessment.
The following steps may be beneficial for preventing risk of most infections. Please note that there currently are no recognized treatments to prevent or treat 2019-nCoV.
Naturopathic care recognizes the importance of both decreasing exposure and addressing individual susceptibility as a way of promoting overall health. The following guidelines may be beneficial in supporting overall health. For specific recommendations work with your naturopathic practitioner or health care practitioner.
Clinical criteria include fever or history of fever (≥38 ºC) and acute respiratory infection (sudden onset of respiratory infection at least one of shortness of breath, cough or sore throat).
Severe acute respiratory infection requiring admission to hospital with clinical or radiological evidence of pneumonia or acute respiratory distress syndrome (i.e., even if no evidence of a fever).
Please note that the information above may change as more information is available on this virus. To stay up-to-date on the Chinese coronavirus (2019-nCoV) and other coronaviruses please check out the Centre for Disease Control at: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/index.html or your local Ministry of Health.
1 Center for Disease Control. 2020. Novel coronavirus 2019, Wuhan, China. www.cdc.gov
2 CDC – Confirmed locations: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/locations-confirmed-cases.html#locations
3. Effectiveness of cough etiquette maneuvers in disrupting the chain of transmission of infectious respiratory diseases: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3846148/#B15
4. Effect of fruit and vegetable consumption on immune function in older people: a randomized controlled trial: https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/96/6/1429/4571488
5. Ullah M, Akhtar M, Hussain F, Imran M. 2015. Efects of sugar, salt, and distilled water on white blood cells and platelet cells. J Tumor. 4(1):354-358.http://www.ghrnet.org/index.php/JT/article/view/1340/1795
6. Sleep and Immune Function: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3256323/
7. Indoor Air Quality and Health: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5707925/
8. Anger, stress, dysregulation produces wear and tear on the lung https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2104758/
9. Air pollutants and early origins of respiratory diseases: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6033955/
10. The Health Consequences of Smoking: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK294322/
11. Casteleijn, D., & Finney-Brown, T., (2014). Respiratory Infections and Immune Insufficiency. In J. Sarris & J. Wardle (Ed’s), Clinical Naturopathy: An Evidenced Based Guide to Practice (pp. 159-182) Elsevier, Sydney.
Dr. Iva Lloyd, BCPP, ND – President of the World Naturopathic Federation (WNF)
Dr. Paul Saunders, PhD, ND – Research Committee, WNF
Tina Hausser, naturopath, Heilpraktiker – 1st Vice-President, WNF
David Casteleijn, BHSc(Naturopathy), MHSc (Herbal Medicine), RN, MNHAA – Secretary WNF
No one likes being sick. A lot of us have habits that might be getting in the way and slowing our recovery. Here are a few things to avoid so that you can get back to normal even faster!
There's a lot of recipes out there on how to naturally clean your home. So I thought I'd try a few out and see what I found to work the best. This is the recipe that I've come up with:
Let me know if you have any suggestions or tweaks that you like.
This approach has been around for many years. Many of you have likely tried this. The variation I get my patients to do, is to add the essential oils to help speed up the recovery time.
The steam will help loosen up any congestion by thinning out the mucus in the sinuses and nose. The essential oils help act as antimicrobials to help eliminate any pathogens that might be present.
What you need:
Here's how to do it:
Nasal congestion is really common this time of year. It can be annoying and painful. But don't worry, I have a simple trick to help. It may sound strange, but it actually works. I stumbled upon this method while doing some research on how to minimize congestion for my patients.
I will explain how to basically massage the bones around your sinuses. The gentle movement will improve flow between the sinuses to decrease congestion and pain.
Here's how to do it:
The alternating movements of the bone between your eyes and the roof of your mouth work to slightly flex the bones surrounding the sinuses to allow for potential to drain.
You will be surprised how well this will begin to drain and clear congestion that you may have. Once your sinuses start to drain, try Steam Inhalations to improve drainage even further.
Did it work for you?
Try this easy recipe to help boost your immune system
Here's what you need:
In a medium sized pot, add ginger, tumeric, garlic, lemon and a small dash of cayenne.
Fill the pot 3/4 full with water.
bring to a boil
Let it simmer for 10 minutes
Remove from heat and let it stand for a few minutes until it's the temperature that you like.
Pour the liquid into a glass.
Enjoy!!! It's that simple.
You can add a small amount of honey for flavour.
You can also save the ingredients and reuse them for one more batch of immune boost tea.
Winter is coming, the holidays are near and that usually means cold and flu season isn't far off. It is key to focus on prevention. It seems like the flu is spreading as per usual here in Whistler, as patients, friends and family try to fight the yearly viral battle. Regardless of where you live, there are some universal things to consider to avoid the flu.
Before we can prevent it, we need to know what the flu is.
What is the flu?
The flu is caused by the influenza A or B virus. It occurs in the same percentages for both men and women. It is more common in kids than adults. This is because as we get older and have gone through battles with the flu, we build up an immunity to the various strains of the flu. Kids, on the other hand, have a very new immune system so they don't have the same acquired immunity to prevent the various types of flu. Since they haven't had the exposure to build up an immunity, they are more prone to the flu.
What are the symptoms of the flu?
We've all felt the sudden onset of headache, fever, body aches, cough, sore throat, runny nose, stuffy nose, fatigue, and foggy mind. If you haven't, well then you my friend are superman or superwoman. These symptoms are usually a case of your common flu.
How do we prevent it from happening in the first place?
These strategies are always a great step to preventing the flu throughout the year.
If it's too late and you already have the flu, talk to your naturopathic doctor. They can help support your immune system and minimize your symptoms to get you feeling great again and have you back on the mountain!
Please feel free to submit your comments or questions...
The summer season is here! That means spending time with friends and family, work parties, bbq's with yummy food and drink, and sunscreen. With all the summer fun, usually comes the dreaded summer heartburn (insert spooky music here). Summer Heartburn is not a diagnosis you’ll find in any textbook, it’s just how I refer to the consequences of maximizing the enjoyment of the summer. So, the question is, how do I prevent Heartburn?? The key to prevention is understanding the cause, so as per usual I’ll do my best to break it all down for you.
What is Heartburn?
Heartburn is formally known as Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), the action of the acid from your stomach moving up and splashing your esophagus. This is what leads to that burning feeling you get in your chest and the back of your throat.
What causes heartburn?
There’s a couple theories:
Everyone has slightly different triggers, but the main offenders are usually from lifestyle and diet.
How do I treat my heartburn?
Basically do the opposite of the things that trigger your heartburn
Diet: avoid the above foods
There you have it, simple and realistic ways to prevent and minimize your heartburn symptoms. Now get out there and enjoy the rest of your summer! (insert sunglasses smiley emoji here)
With the recent news that there are multiple confirmed cases of the Mumps virus here in Whistler, I thought it would be a good idea to get the facts before we rush to Dr Google. I’ve put the basic info that you would need to know here.
What are the mumps?
It’s an acute viral infection that results in swelling and tenderness of the parotid gland. The parotid gland is below your ear along the jaw line.
With all the buzz around fermented drinks like kombucha and kvass I figured I should take the opportunity to tell you about another tasty treat out there that also has beneficial properties for digestive health.
I've been hearing more and more about this tasty drink that seems to have a lot of digestive benefits. It's incredibly simple to make, so lets get right to it!
But first, let's break this drink down:
Dr Landon McLean is a Naturopathic doctor accepting new patients in Whistler BC